The Borneo pygmy elephant is a species of elephant that inhabits northeastern Borneo. They are characterized by their babylike features, oversized ears, plump bellies and almost overly long tails. They are much more docile and well-tempered than their Asian counterparts. Oddly, the range of elephants found in Sabah and Kalimantan seems to have expanded very little over the past century despite access to suitable habitat in other parts of Borneo. They are primarily threatened by habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation, which are a result of an expanding human population, and in turn lead to conflicts between humans and elephants when elephants eat or trample crops. As a result of such conflicts, hundreds of people and elephants are killed annually.