The Indian elephant is a subspecies of Asian elephant primarily found in India. However, they are also found in Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Malay Peninsular, Laos, China, Cambodia, and Vietnam. The Indian elephant is larger, has longer front legs, and a thinner body than the other Asian elephant subspecies. Since 1986, the genus Elephas maximus has been classified as endangered by the IUCN, as the population has decreased by 50% in the past three generations. Indian elephants are most threatened by fragmentation, habitat loss, and degradation.


related species