The humphead wrasse is an enormous coral reef fish primarily found in the Indo-Pacific reefs of the ocean. They are extremely large, often growing to over six feet long. They roam through the coral reefs in search of prey, such as crustaceans, mollusks, and starfish.

Humphead wrasse are notoriously slow to reproduce, and this poses a problem for them as they are one of the most desirable and expensive life reef fishes in the world. Live reef fish trade in southeastern Asia is threatening the region's food security as well as its reefs, as poachers often resort to illegal and destructive methods to catch them.